Pouring water over the monkey
Entering the detention barracks

Lieutenant so and so


POW exercising at the #2 Canlubang Relocation Camp


Canlubang Relocation Camp
The scene is of someone scrounging for kitchen scraps and empty cans

Receiving kitchen scraps
Selling wooden clogs in Luzon
Licking empty cans in Luzon
Collecting swollen cans in Leyte

For leftover kitchen scraps
For empty cans


(A bird’s eye view of the Luzon Island #12 Work Camp)

There are about 45 different campsites within the stockade.
Personnel number: approximately 500
Capacity of the camps: 14
At the entrance of each camp is a banana tree
It feels good to walk outside of the fence
Next door is the American soldiers’ basketball and volleyball courts
American soldiers’ baseball field
Bringing in radios and phonographs, and lazily observing? Reading? Taking a nap?
Sleeping at night?
Bath, laundry room, bathroom
Barber (3 barbers)

#14 Camp… our home
Power generating station


Southern Cross (Endless trouble)

The first time I saw this star, faintly, was in July of 1939, in Taiwan on the evening of an air raid drill.
I was told that if I went south, I would be able to see the star better.
So it became somewhat of a longing for me.
When I was living in Negros, the star was shining brightly above Mt. Canlaon.

After the surrender on September 1, it appeared every night above the barbed wire fence at the stockade.
I want to go home to the country where this star isn’t very visible. Southern Cross (Endless trouble. Note: “Southern Cross” sounds like the Japanese phrase that means “endless trouble”) – what an appropriate name for the star.


“A carpenter’s work site”

“What an idiot, taking a break facing the sun”

“Take a cigarette break.”


The most frighteningly strong sumo wrestler in the stockade, Nihonkai, handing out rations of a thin slice of cheese to go with an equally small piece of bread.

This is supposedly what international law has deemed to be “POW food,” and when we asked the stockade chief to increase our rations, he said, “there is a worldwide food shortage. POWs aren’t the only ones that are going hungry.” I’m not sure if this is true, or not, but I hate going hungry.

Sunday Menu (6/23)
Breakfast: Slop consisting of potatoes (dried) and meat – 2/3 of a cup
Lunch: Green peas and 2 pieces of sausage – 1/3 cup
Dinner: 8 biscuits, 1 ladle full of simmered egg and sausage

Monday Menu (6/24)
Breakfast: the slice of bread and cheese, shown in the drawing on the right
Lunch: Bean soup – ¼ cup
Dinner: 6 biscuits, one cup of cabbage and tankon soup

“If we at least had 1 more slice of bread.”


“Transporting Onoda Cement at night”

At night, we unloaded Japanese military’s Onoda Cement off of huge trucks. Each bag weighed 50kg, and there were 250 bags to carry. There were 2 or 3 trucks, each with this many bags, which exhausted the POWs. And we had to keep our mouths closed because of the dust.
According to an American soldier, “Japanese cement is no good.”
The reason, “because it cracks easily.”


“A carpenter’s work site”

“It’s ok, it’s ok.”

Level “raise it a bit”

“Hey, Fuku, the spot for this hole isn’t off like it was yesterday, is it?”

“I’m not sure.”


[Field workers converge]

At 7 in the morning
The POW’s day starts
Just thinking about how
The sun will be scorching above
puts me in a bad mood.

“Let’s go, let’s go”

“Damping carpenter, please hurry”

“Carpenters from the 2nd Platoon, please get in these 5 lines.”

“Thank you for working so hard in the heat.”

“The rations are a lot less this week.”



At 9 and 3, the actual clock and the length of the shadows are the same. So, in the field, 11:30 and 4:30 are when we go home.

“Isn’t it time to go home yet? My stomach is saying that it’s past time.” “30 more minutes. Get back to work, get back to work.” “Fuku, all you think about is going home.”


Long term battle

The talk of us returning home by 7/15 has been called off unnoticed. We don’t know when we’ll get to go home. At the stockade, a full-fledged theater has been built.
On 7/18, the opening day of the theater, American soldiers came in droves. As soon as an actor playing female roles comes out, they would yelp for no reason.
The actor who played the female roles in Tokyo Ondo and Kiso Bushi were very popular.
They would yell, “come on, come on,” in the scene in “Shimoda Shigure” where Okichi cries, which makes me believe that the America soldiers are not very well educated.


“In the medical office, treatment scene”

Every morning, someone yells, “patients who need to see a doctor, gather around” from the medical office, but from the camps, it sounds like “dead patients, gather around,” to which our response is “dead patients can’t possibly see a doctor.”
“Ever since I had diarrhea, my back has been hurting.”
“Have you ever had pleural lesions?”
“We don’t have any medicine for that, so just ask for a day off,” – that’s one of the better outcomes.
“You have to come at least 3 times a day or you won’t recover.”
“Excuse me, do I have any rashes on my ass?”


Food storage warehouse

Bell announcing “meal time”


When the meal time bell goes “ring,” even people who are pretending to nap grab their tableware and run out the door

“I don’t have a lot of people to serve – must be because I give tiny servings.”

“What are they serving today?”

“I forgot my meal ticket. Is it forgetfulness from the heat?

“The server in the middle line gives small servings.”

Rations of staple foods

“Boy, you’re quick when it comes to meal time.”

Rations of side dishes

Going to get tea


Calorie Calculation List at Prisoner’s Camp
“We received this week ration as follows.”


“Inside the camp on a Sunday”

Playing with Japanese cards, Go, laying down and singing [from Yoneyama-san], everybody is doing their own thing

I didn’t have any paint, so the medical offices gave me some medicine, which I used for color. Atebrin for yellow, Mercurochrome for red, and so on.

I used a board from a desk for a palette, I used the stem of a match for a brush, which I covered with absorbent cotton.
The paintings came out all right.

“Clouds are coming from Yoneyama-san – we’ll get sudden rains soon”

“Yoneyama-san, it’s going to rain, so pleas stop singing.”

“No, no.”
“Hold on a minute.”
Clothing bag


“Admiring the strength of the bulldozer”

Picking up 2 cubic feet worth of dirt on its own, and then transporting it to a desired location. What a convenient piece of equipment.
Road construction should be a piece of cake.
“I’m getting tired of doing this.”
“These bulldozers, which look like a rhinoceros beetle, are quite impressive.”
“We used a shovel, a cross and a straw basket to build airports and roads, and it took about 1000 workers to do it, but if we had this bulldozer, it would’ve taken a day? Half a day? Amazing.”


Rains make the drainage ditch diggers cry

When it rains, construction workers and channel construction workers both have the day off, but the group of 40 who are digging drainage ditches are forced to continue working, regardless of whether it’s Sunday, or night, whether it’s sunny or rainy during the day.
The material storage area is like a muddy field, so it’s not a good idea to walk through this while carrying materials in the rain.
When it rains, the carpenters rejoice, but the drainage ditch diggers cry.